The great benefit of a Mobile
Operations Centre Vehicle is that it can be placed in full view of a
disaster and executive decisions can be made effectively at the site.
In the event of a potential
disaster which could obliterate a fixed control centre, the Mobile
Control Centre Vehicle could be speedily relocated to a safe site and
are then able to communicate with, and control the disaster management
Another use of the vehicle in South Africa is to
act as a control centre for the 2010 football games, where the vehicle
used to service a number of different venues.
This is far more economical than building fixed Control Centres
each of the
It is obviously an ideal
situation if the decision-makers were always right at the scene of the
disaster, as a considerable amount of information can be gleaned by
disaster in relatively close proximity.
However, the current use of a standard Incident Command Vehicle
to employ the vehicle largely as a “remote station”.
Activities viewed from this remote station are
then transmitted verbally back to a main control centre where the
actions could take place. This
methodology is not ideal, as the decision makers get the information
The Mobile Operations Centre
Vehicle can be used daily as a Command Centre, due to the fact that it
equipped with all the instrumentation and communication facilities a
Centre would normally use, but the staff can be comfortably
in the Disaster Management Centre building.
In contrast, one of the disadvantages of a standard Incident
is that it spends a great deal of time parked at a site doing nothing
than wait for a disaster to take place, due to its limited facilities. Like any other “standby vehicle”, the
batteries can run down, electrolytic capacitors can age, there can be
an ingress of moisture, etc. and no-one can be absolutely sure that all
will work as and when the vehicle is activated.
The MOCC is equipped to house 1 Supervisor, 2 Senior
3 standard operators in the vehicle plus a driver and co-driver, and
when coupled up to its docking
it can be used by 5 operating positions in the Disaster Management
Centre. However, when on site a
inflatable module is attached to the vehicle and then inflated by means
of a small
compressor fan. This technology is
vital for use in situations where
high winds are likely, and standard lean-to tent would not survive.
The Supervisor and 2 senior
operators each have a dual TFT screen for the Call Taking &
and the Disaster Management System, all other operators have a single
per position for these systems.
In addition, all positions are
equipped with TFT touch screens controlling the radio/telephony system,
operates independently from the Call Taking and Dispatching Systems for
increased reliability. These two
communicate with each other via a Computer Telephony Integration
Interface (CTI), but
can crash completely without materially affecting the other.
The MOCC contains digital Primary
Rate ISDN interfaces, analogue Dial lines, GPRS speech and digital
communications, four channel Satellite Voice and Data communications,
and 8 Two
Way Radio transceivers, half of these using Simulcast technology. The
mast of the vehicle is
customed designed to accommodate the very restricted space
on the roof of the vehicle, as well as the problems posed by Simulcast
transmissions in marginal areas.
The Supervisor has a GPS system
which accurately tags all his staff in the operational area via their
radios at no transmission cost to the User, and without the radios
needing to work with a repeater which may have been disabled during the
In addition, the vehicle has a CCTV system with a fixed PTZ
the roof of the vehicle, as well as a mobile CCTV camera and recorder
immediate field. The CCTV system can
monitored on the vehicle’s large LCD screen mounted at the front of the
operational are, and visible to all staff working in the vehicle.
The vehicle is also equipped with
an “electronic whiteboard”, where strategy sessions can be
captured and printed out on the vehicle’s multi-function
printer/scanner/copier/fax machine. The
multi-function machine is also able to work with the fax channel on the
All video as well as audio
conversations with all parties are digitally logged and archived on
DVDs in the
system, as well as logged at all touch screen consoles, which have
Excessive road vibration is
limited by the vehicle having air suspension, and all sensitive
having resilient mountings. A
of the computers used have solid state hard drives to avoid using
To avoid the vehicle swaying in a
strong wind, which would be exacerbated by the radio mast on the roof
vehicle, the vehicle is equipped with hydraulic stabilizers on all four
corners, elctrically operated.
All the above facilities need to
be managed, and this is done by a unique industrial computer system,
only oversees the operations, but in addition performs tests on the
vehicle electrics, constantly monitors battery voltages, and ensures
that the vehicle cannot be driven if the mast is up or the stabilisers
have not been retracted. it is also responsible for intelligently
controlling the charging of the vehicle's deep cycle battery.
The vehicle is
operate off 220 VAC power while it is in its dock, motor-generator
site, and the vehicle's alternator power while driving to and from
power system design had to be all encompassing.
For exhaust gasses, noise, vibration and
easy handling reasons, the standby generators are housed in an
power trailer, which can easily be parked some distance away from the
The above gives a thumbnail sketch of the Mobile Operation Centre, but hopefully there is enough detail to expose you to the engineering design challenges that were overcome in spite of having very limited space considerations. The multi-disciplined design team involved included communications control system designers, radio system designers, mechanical structural designers, industrial designers, and whole host of other staff.Contact:
+2711 822 1065
Office email : email@example.com
Fax + 2711 822 1067